19.08.21 Daily [bihar] PSC Current Affairs

BIHAR

Laggard Bihar ranks 4th among states in providing tap water in rural areas

 

Bihar has emerged as one of the top performing states in terms of providing safe drinking water through taps, with 87 per cent of its rural households having access to the amenity, a key aide of chief minister Nitish Kumar said on Wednesday but insisted it was largely on account of a state scheme and not the Centre’s Jal Jeevan Mission.

State water resources minister Sanjay Kumar Jha made the averment on his official twitter handle, sharing a newspaper report that put Bihar among the “top four” states of the country in terms of availability of tap water to rural households.

The report was based on data provided by the website of Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), an ambitious project of the Narendra Modi government launched two years back which aims at providing tap water to all rural households by 2024.

According to the JJM data, Bihar, often accused of administrative lethargy, accounts for 1.46 crore water connections out of 4.73 crore for the entire country, placing it well above the national average of 41.57 per cent since the launch of the mission in 2019.

 

Only Goa and Telangana with a 100 per cent success rate besides Haryana (99.25 per cent) have performed better than Bihar.

Besides, the Union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Puducherry, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu have provided water connections to cent per cent households, according to the JJM website.

The JJM website shows that it has been a giant leap for Bihar, one of the most populous states in the country, where only 1.84 per cent households had access to tap water as on August 15, 2019. Since then, a staggering number of over 1.46 crore water connections have been added.
Jha, however, insisted that much of the state’s spectacular success was owing to “Har Ghar Nal Ka Jal” scheme of the Bihar chief minister which predated the Centre’s JJM.

According to Jha, the scheme was launched in September 2016 and was responsible for ensuring availability of tap water in most rural areas of the state.

INTERNATIONAL

 

Global Youth Development Index 2020

 

The index measures the status of young people among 181 countries across the world.

 

Singapore was ranked at the top for the first time.

 

It is followed by Slovenia, Norway, Malta and Denmark.

 

Bottom countries in the index include- Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Afghanistan and Niger.

 

Index highlights that, condition of young people has improved worldwide by 3.1 percent in between 2010 and 2018. However, the progress remained slow.

 

In the index, 156 countries recorded at least slight improvements in their scores.

 

Report also highlights the positive trajectory of youth development pre-pandemic time, which covid-19 virus could reverse if urgent action is not taken to secure the gain.

 

Top five improvers include- India, Afghanistan, Russia, Ethiopia, and Burkina Faso. They advanced their score on an average by 15.74 per cent.

 

Countries like Libya, Syria, Ukraine, Jordan and Lebanon witnessed greatest decline in youth development in between 2010 and 2018.

 

 

Knowing About Taliban

 

On August 15, 2021, the fundamentalist Islamic pressure known as the Taliban entered Kabul after gaining control over an awful lot of the US following the withdrawal of US troops.

Taliban had dominated Afghanistan from 1996 till 2001 when US troops toppled. This team had sheltered Osama bin Laden as he deliberate the Sept. 11 assault of 2001.

Taliban’s manipulation over Afghanistan now poses a new danger to the US’s whole political and social order as nicely as its allies.

The Islamic pressure referred to as Taliban have been established in southern Afghanistan. Mullah Mohammad Omar was once the founder of the group. He used to be a member of the Pashtun tribe who grew to become a mujahideen commander. He helped in pushing the Soviets out of the country in 1989. Later in 1994, Mullah Omar fashioned the crew in Kandahar with 50 followers. They captured Kandahar and seized Kabul in 1996 and imposed strict Islamic rules. These policies banned tv & music, stopped women from going to college and pressured females to put on burqas.

American troops invaded Afghanistan in the year 2001 and toppled the Taliban’s management when the Taliban refused US demand to hand over bin Laden.

The Taliban are battling towards the U.S.-backed authorities in Kabul. They are seeking for to reimpose their strict model of Islam in Afghanistan.

Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada (Pashtun from Kandahar) is presently the chief of Taliban in Afghanistan. A Council of leaders has been set up by the Taliban based totally in Pakistan referred to as Quetta Shura. It publishes the group’s decisions.

The Taliban makes cash by way of Afghanistan’s unlawful drug trade. They impose taxes on poppy growers and heroin producers in the areas of Afghanistan it controls. They additionally impose taxes on agencies and function unlawful mines. Besides, it receives funding from supporters in Pakistan and the Gulf.

 

 

 

NATIONAL

 

Facts on Indian National Flag

 

The Indian National Flag was adopted on 22nd July 1947, in its existing shape (horizontal rectangular tricolour) in the course of an assembly of the Constituent Assembly, 23 days earlier than India’s Independence. It grew to be the reliable countrywide Flag of the Dominion of India on 15th August 1947.

Present Flag is based totally on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by using Pingali Venkayya.

After quite a few changes, the Tricolour was once adopted as our countrywide Flag at a Congress Committee assembly in Karachi in 1931.

Constitutional & Statutory Provisions concerning National Flag of India: Art 51A(a) – To abide by way of the Constitution and recognize its beliefs and institutions, the National Flag & the National Anthem.

 

Rules governing the show of the Tricolour: The Flag Code of 2002 is divided into three parts: 1-a well-known description of the tricolour, 2-rules for show of the Flag by means of governments and authorities bodies, 3-rules on show of the Flag by way of public and personal our bodies and instructional institutions.

 

Ashoka Chakra is the wheel of the regulation of dharma. Chakra intends to exhibit that there is LIFE IN MOVEMENT and demise in stagnation.

The saffron colour denotes renunciation of disinterestedness.

The white in the core is light, the course of reality to inform our conduct.

 

Draft Rules for Renewable Energy

Draft Electricity (promoting renewable strength via Green Energy Open Access) Rules, 2021 circulated.

Highlights:

The Power Ministry has circulated the Draft Electricity (promoting renewable electricity through Green Energy Open Access) Rules, 2021.

These policies are proposed to buy and consume inexperienced electricity, including the power from Waste-to-Energy plants.

The inexperienced power draft policies have supplied important points such as Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO); Green electricity open access; Nodal Agencies; Procedure for furnishing of inexperienced electricity open access; banking; and go subsidy surcharge.

The draft regulations state inexperienced hydrogen is the hydrogen produced by the usage of electricity from renewable sources.

 

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