07.01.22 BPSC Daily Current Affairs

 

BIHAR

 

Bihar’s second tiger reserve in Kaimur soon: Union minister Ashwini Kumar Choubey

 

Union minister of state for environment, forests and climate change Ashwini Kumar Choubey said the second tiger reserve in Bihar would be set up in Kaimur.

He said a proposal in this regard was being finalised and deliberations on it were held at the meeting of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

 

The state forest department had first spotted a tiger through camera traps in Kaimur wildlife sanctuary on March 26, 2020.

 

Till now, tiger spotting in Bihar has been confined to either VTR in West Champaran or Patna zoo. VTR, the lone tiger reserve in Bihar, has a good number of 31 tigers as per the last tiger census.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

IEA on India’s Ethanol Consumption

 

As per recent research of International Energy Agency (IEA), India is on track to become world’s third-largest ethanol market by 2026.

 

India will only be left behind United States and Brazil by 2026, as it has accelerated the transition towards clean energy environment to become carbon neutral by 2070.

This research came after India increased ethanol use in between 2017-2021 by three-fold, to a projected 3 billion litres.

With this, India is set to overtake China as the world’s third-largest ethanol user by 2026.

 

According to IEA, India has made “huge progress” in expanding ethanol blending.

 

Blending was 2 per cent in 2017. By 2021, it had reached to 8 per cent. It thus brought India on target to attain 10 percent blending in 2022.

 

Ethanol is one of the principal biofuels. It is naturally produced by fermentation of sugars by yeasts or through petrochemical processes like ethylene hydration.

 

NATIONAL

 

India’s Non – Fossil Fuel Milestone

 

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy recently announced that India has reached its non – fossil fuel target much ahead of 2030.

 

At the COP21, India had pledged to install 40% of overall electric energy from non – renewable sources. India aimed to achieve this target by 2030. But it has now achieved this well ahead in November 2021.

 

The total installed electric capacity of India is 392.01 GW. Of this, the total non – fossil- fuel based energy is 157.32 GW. This is 40.1% of 392.01 GW to be precise.

 

India increased its investment in renewable energy programmes. According to REN21 Renewables 2020 Global Status Report, India made total investment of 64.6 billion USD in renewable energy sector. In 2019 alone, India invested 11.2 billion USD in the sector.

 

 

Regulations on Waste Tyres Management

 

Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change shared the draft notification for regulations on “extended producer responsibility (EPR) for waste tyres”.

 

The regulation will be effective in the fiscal year 2022-23, if finalised.

Draft notification was shared in because, NGT data shows that India discards around 275,000 tyres each year, but there does not exist any comprehensive plan for them.

Furthermore, around 3 million waste tyres are imported for recycling.

 

 

SAAR Launched By Smart Cities Mission

 

The Smart Cities Mission was the driving force for SAAR’s creation. SAAR will document the Smart Cities Mission’s projects as a part of the Azadi ka Amrut Mahotsav festivities.

Highlights:

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs is in charge of implementing SAAR.

The National Institute of Urban Affairs and other leading institutions in the country will join the ministry in implementing the project.

This contains 15 of the world’s best architectural schools.

The institutes will keep track of the mission’s preparation and implementation.

Students will be able to learn about urban development processes realistically due to this.

SAAR must first compile a list of 75 projects. The list includes projects that are both creative and cross-sectoral.

The project will capture the outcomes of the smart city mission and its impact on the lives of city residents.

PMFME Scheme – Recent Initiatives

 

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries recently launched six one district one product (ODOP) brands under the PMFME Scheme. PMFME is Pradhan Mantri Formalisation of Micro Food Processing Enterprises.

 

Earlier the ministry had signed an agreement with NAFED. NAFED is National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Limited. Under the agreement ten brands of ODOP are to be selected.

 

The products come in unique packaging. They ensure longer shelf life. The brands are supported with separate investments to push their sale through e – commerce platforms.

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