23.11.22 BPSC Daily Current Affairs

3 Bihar towns most polluted in country
Air pollution in Bihar remained the worst in the country for the second consecutive day. The only three cities in country where air quality index (AQI) level was in “severe” category – above 400-mark – were in Bihar. The AQI was found to be in “very poor” category at 11 other places in the state on Saturday.
Motihari, Siwan and Darbhanga were the most polluted places in the country on Saturday with “severe” AQI of 419, 417 and 404, respectively, according to the daily AQI bulletin issued by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).
The AQI was in “poor or above” categories in all monitoring stations in Bihar. An AQI between 201 and 300 is considered “poor”, 301 and 400 “very poor”, and 401 and 500 “severe”. According to CPCB, severe AQI level can affect healthy people and seriously impact those with existing diseases, while the “very poor” air can cause respiratory illnesses on prolonged exposure.
POSOCO renamed Grid Controller of India Limited
India’s national grid operator “Power System Operation Corporation Limited” (POSOCO) announced that it has changed its name to “Grid Controller of India Limited”.
The change in name has been made to reflect the critical role of grid operators in ensuring integrity, reliability, economy, resilience and sustainable operation of the Indian electricity grid.
It explains the functions performed by the grid managers in the country at national and regional levels.
It may be mentioned that Grid Controller of India Limited (Grid-India) operates the National Load Despatch Centre (NLDC) and five Regional Load Despatch Centres (RLDCs). Grid-India is also designated as the nodal agency for major reforms in the power sector such as implementation and operation of Green Energy Open Access Portal, Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) Mechanism, transmission pricing, short term open access in transmission, Deviation Settlement Mechanism, Power System Development Fund (PSDF) etc.
Australia and India partnering to address India’s water challenges
Sustainable management of water is a key challenge for both Australia and India.  Collaboration in water research, training, and education between our two countries is growing rapidly through several activities supported by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, the Australian Water Partnership, Western Sydney University, and the Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati.
The Young Water Professional Program focuses on gender equality and diversity. The first phase of this Programme has selected 20 young officers (10 men and 10 women) from the National Hydrology Project’s central and state implementing agencies. While conducting this program, the Australia India Water Centre brought together eight universities and one State Government Department from Australia and 16 IITs and key universities of India.
New study on behaviour of charged particles in a magnetic field under ultra-cold temperatures can help control noise in quantum technology
A new study conducted by Bengaluru-based scientists has thrown fresh light on how a charged particle in contact with an environment in the presence of a magnetic field behaves when it is subjected to ultra-cold temperatures.
Scientists involved in the study have said that the latest findings could deepen existing knowledge and explore ways to control noise in the domain of quantum technology.
Quantum technology is too vulnerable to disturbances in the environment that corrupt the information stored in quantum computers, thus understanding the role of noise in quantum technology and finding ways to control it has long been a challenge for scientists.
Brownian motion, the random motion of particles when suspended in a fluid, forms one of the foundational pillars of physics, thanks to Albert Einstein’s seminal work in this area. Quantum Brownian motion is a class of possible dynamics for an open quantum, continuous degree of freedom.
The study makes predictions about the nature of decay of factors called the position correlation function, the position-velocity correlation function, and the velocity autocorrelation function in the quantum domain accessible via ultra-cold atom experiments. The predictions can be tested by considering a charged particle in a magnetic field at ultra-cold temperatures (of the order of a few nano Kelvin) in an optical molasses which mimics a viscous environment.
Reforms in Ayush sector to boost growth: Shri SarbanandaSonowal
Union Minister of Ayush Shri SarbanandaSonowal laid emphasis on how Ayush can play an important role in realizing the dream of ‘New India’ by providing holistic healthcare and medical care for its citizens. Minister was addressing the gathering at 6th CII Ayush Conclave 2022 in New Delhi.
Shri Pramod Kumar Pathak, Special Secretary Ministry of Ayush addressed the plenary session on regulatory roadmap for ease of doing business. In his address he said that the first important aspect of ease of doing business is consultation and that is happening robustly at Ministry of Ayush. Further, for promoting scientific approach, the ministry is working with the Departments of Science and Biotechnology and the inputs are effectively included in our roadmap.
6th CII Ayush Conclave 2022 was organized by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) with the support of Ministry of Ayush. Key stakeholders of Ayush system discussed topics like regulatory roadmap, Research and development in Ayush sector, Branding, promotion and marketing of Ayush products.
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