30.09.21 Daily BPSC Current Affairs

BIHAR

Gujarat, Bihar, Ladakh head to become carbon neutral

Progressive climate actions being undertaken by many Indian states as they strategically shift towards increased use of renewable energy.

This came to light on Friday at a discussion organised by The Climate Group on the sidelines of the annual New York Climate Week, and at a time when the UN calls for no further build of coal across the world and countries, companies, states and regions world over are committing to bringing down emissions to net zero by mid century.

The plans of states are well placed to achieve long-term energy transition and net zero targets.

For instance, Gujarat is on the path to significantly reducing emissions as they choose to rely on renewable energy alone to meet all future power needs.

New analysis from GERMI shows that the share of coal power generation in the state will come down to 16 per cent by 2030, from the current 63 per cent as it aligns with the 450GW revised national renewable energy target.

The state is also setting up the world’s largest grid-scale battery storage in the Kutch region and is one of India’s largest markets for electric two-wheelers.

The analysis shows that not only will Gujarat not need to build any further thermal coal assets, but it will also have to consider retirement of plants which are either old or polluting.

Developing a retirement package for these coal plants will hold the key. This will make economic sense given that the cost of renewable energy is less than new coal power.

Electricity sector in India contributes to 40 per cent of emissions.

Ladakh is working towards an enormous 10 GW of renewable energy capacity with solar and wind power, and it is setting up a 50MWh battery storage capacity –India’s largest so far.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

Fumio Kishida To Become Next Japan PM

 

Fumio Kishida is set to become the new Prime Minister of Japan after being elected as the ruling Liberal Democratic Party leader.

Highlights

Kishida will succeed party leader PM Yoshihide Suga, who announced his decision to step down from the position.

Fumio Kishida is Japan’s former foreign minister, and he will be elected on October 4 as Japan’s next Prime Minister in the Parliament.

He beat Taro Kono, the popular vaccinations minister, n a runoff vote as the ruling party’s leader in a runoff vote.

Kishida has vowed to proclaim a new pandemic incentive and resolved to tackle income inequality and mark a departure from the neo-liberal economics that have ruled Japanese politics.

 

Sri Lanka bans import of organic fertilizers From China

 

Sri Lanka banned the import of organic fertilisers produced in China after state agriculture executives identified harmful bacteria for the second time.

Highlights

♦ Sri Lanka imports 99,000 metric tonnes of organic fertiliser for  63 million dollars from China’s Qingdao Seawin Biotech Group Co Ltd.

♦ On September 17, agriculture experts in Sri Lanka found that China manufactured organic fertilisers that contained a microorganism identified as ‘Erwinia’.

♦ The Agriculture Ministry also confirmed this later, but the Minister alleged that the samples that came to Sri Lanka could have been tampered with.

 

International Translation Day Is Celebrated On 30 September

 

International Translation Day is Commemorated on 30 September to celebrate the work of language translation professionals.

Highlights:

♦ The International Federation of Translators (FIT) has organised the day in 1953. The International Translation Day 2021 theme is “United in translation”.

♦  Language translation professionals facilitate dialogue, understanding, and cooperation, contributing to world peace and security development and strengthening.

♦ The first official celebration of International Translation Day was held in 1991, which also marks the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators.

♦ International Federation of Translators President is Kevin Quirk.

♦ International Federation of Translators Secretary-General is Real Paquette.

 

World Maritime Day Is Celebrated on 30 September

 

 

World Maritime Day is commemorated on 30 September to appreciate the importance of the maritime industry and note the importance of maritime security, maritime safety, maritime environment, and shipping.

Highlights:

♦ World Maritime Day is celebrated on the Last Thursday of September to appreciate the importance of maritime industry and note the importance of maritime security, maritime safety, maritime environment, and shipping.

♦ World Maritime day also marks the day of adaptation of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) convention.

♦ In India, International Maritime Day is observed by organising an awards ceremony every year. It is organised to recognise the contribution made by the Indian Maritime industry members in the past 12 months.

 

NATIONAL

 

PM Inaugurates CIEPT In Jaipur And Lay The Foundation Stone For Four Medical Colleges In Rajasthan

 

PM Narendra Modi will inaugurate CIPET: Institute of Petrochemicals Technology, Jaipur, and lay the foundation stone of four new medical colleges in Rajasthan on 30 September via video-conferencing.

Highlights:

♦ Mr Modi will lay the foundation stone of four new medical colleges in Rajasthan, Banswara, Sirohi, Hanumangarh & Dausa districts.

♦ These Medical Colleges have been authorised under the “Establishment of new medical colleges attached with district/referral hospitals” scheme.

♦ Under three phases of the Scheme, 157 new medical colleges have been approved across the nation.

♦ Rajasthan and the Government of India have established CIPET: Institute of Petrochemicals Technology, Jaipur.

♦ It is self-sustainable and dedicatedly serves the needs of the petrochemical and allied industries.

 

 

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