Important Battles

1744-48First Anglo-French Carinatic war. Madras returned to British by the treaty of Aix-la-
 Chappalle. In battle of St. Thome, a small French Army defeated Nawab Anwar-ud-
 din’s large one.
1748-54Second Anglo French Carinatic war. The French sided with Muzaffar Jang (grandson of
 Asaf Jah) & Chanda Sahib (in Carinatic) while the Enlish supported the claims of Nasir
 Jang (son of late Nizam, Asaf Jah) & Anwar-ud-din (Carinatic) Initially the French
 under Dupleix had success (& stationed officer Bussy at Hyderabad) but later the
 English got hold. Treaty of Pondicherry signed.
1757-63Third Anglo French Carinatic war. French captured Fort St. David. Lally did the
 mistake of recalling Bussy from Hyderabad. Later the French were badly routed at
 Wandiwash by the British under Sir Eyre Coote.
1757Battle of Plassey. British under clive & treacher Mir Jaffar routed Siraj-ud-daula. Mir
 Jafar was made Bengal but later replaced by his son-in-law Mir Kasim. He revolted &
 was again replaced by Mir Jafar.
1760Battle of Wandiwash. French decisively defeated
1761Third Battle of Panipat. Marathas defeated by Ahmad Shah Abdali
1764Battle of Buxar. Mir Kasim, Shuja-ud-daula & Shah Alam II defeated by Major Munro.
 Treaty of Allahabad signed which gave the diwani of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa & Bihar to
 the Enlish & trading rights in Awadh. Shah Alam on pension of 26 laksh/annum.
1767-69I Anglo Mysore war. Both the British & Haider Ali returned each others territories The
 britisheres committed to help Haider against a third party invasion
1775-82First Anglo Maratha war. The British army was defeated. The humiliating convention
 of Wadgaon was concluded in which the company was required to give up all the
 advantages of Treaty of Purandhar. Peace was at last restored by treaty of Salbai signed
 between Warren Hastings & Mahdji Scindia whereby salsette & Bassein were given to
 the British.
1780-84II Anglo Mysore War. In 1782 Haider Ali passed away due to illness leaving the
 struggle to Tipu. War concluded by treaty of Mangalore
1790-92III Anglo Mysore war. Tipu signed the treaty of Seringapattam
1799IV Anglo Mysore war. When the subsidiary alliance was offered to Tipu Sultan he
 flatly refused & hence the war happened in which the Marathas & the Nizam helped the
 Britishers. Tipu died fighting the war.
1803-1805Second Anglo Maratha war. Marathas defeated.
1814-16Anglo Nepal war. War came to an end by treaty of Sagauli
1817-19Third Anglo Maratha war. Marathas decisively defeated
1823-26First Anglo Burmese war. Buremese defeated & conducted Treaty of Yandahboo
1839-42First Anglo Afghan war. The Britishers were defeated.
1845-46First Anglo-Sikh war. Sikhs defeated & Treaty of Lahore conducted
1848-49Second Anglo Sikh war. Sikhs defeated & Punjab annexed to British. Maharaja Dalip
 Singh given an annual pension of 50,000 pounds & sent to England for higher studies
 & later converted to Christianity. The Kohinoor was gifted to Queen Victoria.
1852Second Anglo Burmese war. English successful
1878-80Second Anglo Afghan war. English suffered losses.
1885-87Third Anglo Burmese war. English annexed Burma
1919-21Third Anglo Afghan war. English though victorious did not benefit from the war.





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