07.01.21 Daily BPSC Current Affairs

BIHAR

Bihar: Remote sensing technology to identify polluting brick kilns

 

The Bihar State Pollution Control Board (BSPCB) would use remote sensing technology through satellite for real-time monitoring of brick kilns still using traditional methods and flouting the mandatory environmental regulations resulting in emission of harmful gases.
According to the BSPCB’s clean air action plan, brick kilns are one of the major contributors to air pollution, besides vehicular emission, domestic burning and dust from construction site. Otherwise, there is no way to check the air pollution caused by any old brick kiln and its impact.

 

The board would sign a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the UNDP and a UK-based university for remote sensing technology to track down such brick kilns, which have not been converted to the less polluting zigzag setting design.

 

As per the clean action plan, 14% of air pollution is caused by brick kilns while 22% by domestic burning. Transportation causes 19% pollution, dust 15%, industry 14%, waste burning 11% and diesel generator sets 5%.

INTERNATIONAL

AI based Survey of African Elephants

 

An international research team led by Oxford University has developed a new method of investigating African elephants using satellite imagery and artificial intelligence.

This method uses satellite orbits capable of capturing images of more than five thousand square kilometers in space. Then, the captured image is processed through a deep learning model, which will detect the elephant and eliminate other objects.

The international team used a customized data set to cover thousands of elephants in South Africa.

This method eliminates the risk of double counting. In addition, it can conduct repeated investigations in a short period of time.

This method can identify calves separately.

The number of elephants in India is 27,312. The Indian elephant is one of the three subspecies of the Asian elephant.

 

NATIONAL

Prasar Bharati’s Digital Channels record 100% growth in 2020.

 

The digital channels of Prasar Bharati have recorded 100% growth in 2020.

Pakistan has the second-highest audience of Doordarshan (DD) and All India Radio (AIR).

Prasar Bharati’s mobile app, ‘NewsOnAir,’ has added 2.5 million users and registered 300 million views in 2020.

 

UJALA and SLNP completes six years of Illuminating India

 

Govt of India’s UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All) and SLNP (Street Light National Programme) completes six years of Illuminating India efficiently. Both plans were first implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a PSU joint venture under the Ministry of Electricity of the Government of India.

 

UJALA:
The plan was launched in 2015. The goal is to replace 770 million incandescent lamps with LED bulbs and eliminate the high cost of LEDs, which have previously been used in energy-saving systems. Implement this program to establish phased LED distribution. The purpose is to promote efficient lighting and increase awareness of using efficient equipment to reduce electricity bills and protect the environment. This is the largest home lighting project in the world.

SLNP:
The National Street Lamp National Plan is a government initiative aimed at improving energy efficiency in the country.

 

DRDOs Advanced Biodigester Mk-II Technology

DRDO and MAHA-METRO signed a memorandum of understanding to implement Advanced Biodigester Mk-II technology in the metro rail network.

 

The memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed by the joint venture company MAHA-METRO (Maharashtra Metro Corporation) between DRDO and GOI and Govt. Maharashtra.

According to the memorandum of understanding, DRDO will provide technical support for the implementation of its advanced bio-digester Mk-II technology to deal with human waste (night soil) in the subway network.

DRDO’s biodigester is a native, green and cost-effective technology, and its rare feature is that it has one of the largest number of DRDO licenses.

Indian Railways has installed about 2.4 million bio-digesters in its passenger car fleet.

 

Government Launched A Virtual Hackathon Toycathon

The government has launched the virtual toy hackathon “Toycathon 2021”. This is an initiative of the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, and the All India Technical Education Commission.

 

Aim: Conceptualize innovative toys according to the Indian value system, which will instill positive behavior and good value in children and to promote India to become a global toy manufacturing center (Atmanirbhar Abhiyan).

♦ Based on: Indian culture and ethos, local folklore and heroes, and Indian value system.

♦ Theme: Nine themes, including fitness and sports and rediscovering traditional Indian toys.

 

 

Freight Business Development Portal by Railways

 

The Ministry of Railways has launched a dedicated portal website to promote and develop the railway freight business-the freight business development portal.

 

Due to the coronavirus crisis, passenger train services have been suspended, and the railway sector relies heavily on freight revenue to make money.

The Dedicated Railway Freight Corridor of India Limited (DFCCIL) is a government enterprise under the administration of the Ministry of Railways. It is currently constructing a 3,342 km east-west freight corridor to be used exclusively for trains.

This is the first dedicated freight portal website that will ensure that all operations are customer-centric, reduce logistics providers’ costs, provide online tracking facilities for suppliers, and simplify the cargo transportation process.

 

 

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