- Bihar assembly passes two Bills; gender budget tabled
- The state assembly passed two Bills – the Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) Bill, 2019 and Bihar Technical Service Commission (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
- As per the new BSEB Bill, which was passed annulling the first Act passed in 1952, the chairman of the BSEB would now be an IAS official or a retired IAS official, while deputy chairman would be an IAS official or a Bihar Administrative Service (BAS) official in the rank of additional secretary, or even any official senior to him.
- The House also passed the Bihar Technical Service Commission (Amendment) Bill aimed at giving financial powers to the chairman of the commission, which otherwise was vested on its secretary.
- Meanwhile, the outlay for women’s development to be achieved through various government schemes in the current fiscal is 15.40% of the state budget, which has shown sustained increase from the 2014-15 financial year, according to the report on Gender Budget for 2019-20.
- The outlay made for women’s development counted for 3.7% of the gross state domestic product (GSDP) in 2014-15, but increased to 5.39% in the current fiscal.
- While the gender budget for the state was introduced in the 2008-09 fiscal, the allotment made for the money to be spent on empowerment of women has shown substantial increase from the 2014-15 fiscal when it was just Rs 12,578 crore or 10.8% of the state budget.
- As per the details, Rs 5,900 crore will be spent on PM Awas Yojana, Rs 418.53 crore on the World Bank-aided rural livelihood project, Rs 335 crore on Indira Gandhi national pension scheme, Rs 315.83 crore on CM Balika Poshak Yojana, Rs 274 crore on incentive for intermediate passed girl students under CM Kanya Utthan Yojana and Rs 207.19 crore on CM Balika Cycle Yojana.
- Facebook slapped with 5 billion US Dollar fine for users’ privacy violation
- US regulators formalized a record 5 billion US Dollar fine on Facebook for violation of users’ privacy in the Cambridge Analytica data scandal involving 87 million users.
- The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) said the penalty was the largest ever imposed on any company for violating consumers’ privacy and one of the largest penalties ever assessed by the US government for any violation.
- The FTC initiated the investigation after a scandal involving former British consulting firm Cambridge Analytica, which was accused of illegally accessing data of more than 87 million Facebook users without their prior knowledge.
- MoHUA proposes light urban rail Metrolite for smaller cities
- The Centre has proposed light urban rail transit system – ‘Metrolite’ It is found in small cities and towns having lower projection of ridership.Each train having three coaches and a restricted speed of 25 kmph.
- Union Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry issued standard specifications of the ‘Metrolite’ system .The system will be developed on surface and elevated stretches.The ‘Metrolite’, can be developed at a lower cost in comparison with
existing metro system, will also act as a feeder system to high capacity Metro.
- The three-coach train will have the capacity of carrying 300 passengers.The government would provide financial assistance to states to implement the light urban rail transit system.
- The ‘Metrolite’ systemhave a dedicated path separating the road traffic with it. The fencing can be provided on either side of the network.
The metro rail system being developed at present is of high capacity. It is required for bigger cities with very high ridership.
- The success of the existing metro system, several small cities, and towns on rail-based mass rapid transit system fulfilled by the light urban rail transit system.
The ‘Metrolite’ systemwill have shelter platforms. They will not have AFC gates, platform screen doors, X-ray and baggage scanner.
- Lok Sabha passed the 2019 Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill
- Lok Sabha passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019. The Bill was introduced by the Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad. The bill is for the justice, respect and dignity of women.
- The Bill criminalises instant triple talaqamong Muslims. It also approves a jail term of three years for the husband.
- The bill will replace the ordinance passed by the previous government in February. It should be noted that around20 Muslim countries in the world, including Pakistan and Malaysia, have banned the triple talaq.
- The Companies Amendment Bill, 2019 introduced in Lok Sabha
- The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2019 has been introduced inLok Sabha . The Bill was introduced by the Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
- 16 of the offencesthat are punishable with fine or imprisonment, or both has been recategorised as it empowers the adjudicating officers, who are appointed by the central government, may now levy penalties instead.
- The ordinance prohibits a company from issuing shares at a discount, except in certain cases.
- It also says that a company can not commence business unless it files a declarationwithin 180 days of incorporation or files a verification of its registered office within 30 days of incorporation.
- The companies mustregister charges such as mortgages on its property within 30 days of creation of charge.
- Lok Sabha cleared the Unlawful Activities Prevention (Amendment) Bill, 2019
- Lok Sabhacleared theUnlawful Activities Prevention (Amendment) Bill, 2019.The Bill aims to end
- The Bill will now empower the government to designate individuals as terrorists. If any person commits or participates in acts of terrorism or involved in terrorist, he/she can be designated as terrorist.
- The Director-General of theNational Investigation Agency (NIA) can now grant approval of seizure or attachment of property when the case is investigated by the agency.
- The amendments to the Bill was opposed saying that the legislationviolates Article 21 and also lacks judicial review. Also, the opposition said that the intent of the Bill will be used to just detain people in jail and deny them a trial. The Bill was also termed as anti-federalism and anti-people.
- Indias first Dragon blood-oozing Tree discovered in Assam
- Researcher discovers Dracaena Cambodia A dragon tree species in Assam’s West Karbi Anglong district.
- It is a plant that yields a dragon’s blood.It is a bright red resin used in ancient times as a medicine, body oil, varnish, incense, and dye. The sap turns bright red after coming in contact with air.This is for the first time that a dragon tree species reported from India. In India, the Dracaena genus belonging to the family Asparagaceae It is represented by nine species and two varieties in the Himalayan region, the northeast and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
- Dracaena cambodiana is the only true dragon tree species. It is an important medicinal plant as well as an ornamental tree.It is a major source of dragon’s blood, a precious traditional medicine in China.Several antifungal and antibacterial compounds, antioxidants, flavonoids.
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