Variance Variance (σ2) in statistics is a measurement of the spread between numbers in a data set. That is, it measures how far each number in the set is from the mean and therefore from every other number in the set. In investing, the variance of the returns among assets in a portfolio is analyzed … Read more


 Prepositions Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs). Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation. The … Read more


 Average The word “average” is used in everyday life to describe where the middle number of a data set is. It’s the typical number you would expect to find in a series of numbers. In statistics, the average is called the “arithmetic mean,” usually just shortened to the mean. Both the average and … Read more

Calculation Of Income Tax

 Calculation of income tax (for salaried person and excluding house rent allowance) Salary is made up of various components such as:   Basic salary,    House rent allowance (HRA),   Special allowance Other allowances, reimbursements etc.   However, not all of the amount received as salary is fully taxable. A part of it … Read more

Vedic Maths

 Vedic maths: Square Example : Find square of   12 Step 1 1010 is the nearest power of 1010 which can be taken as our base. The deviation to our base =12−10=2=12−10=2 (To find the deviation, just remove the leftmost digit “11” and you will get it quickly). Left side of the answer is the sum of the number … Read more

Pipe And Cistern

 Pipes and Cistern   Inlet: A pipe connected with a tank or a cistern or a reservoir, that fills it, is known as an inlet.   Outlet: A pipe connected with a tank or cistern or reservoir, emptying it, is known as an outlet.   If a pipe can fill a tank in x hours, … Read more

Contribution Of Brahma Gupta

 Contribution of  Brahma gupta, in mathematics Brahmagupta was born in 598 Bhinmal city in the state of Rajasthan. He was a mathematician and astronomer, who wrote many important works on mathematics and astronomy. His best known work is the “Brahmasphuta‐siddhanta”, written in 628 AD in Bhinmal. He was the first to use … Read more

Average Or Ap

 Average   What is Average? The result obtained by adding several quantities together and then dividing this total by the number of quantities is called Average. The main term of average is equal distribution of a value among all which may distribute persons or things. We obtain the average of a number using formula that … Read more

Fractions Or Rational Number

 Fractions Any unit can be divided into any numbers of equal parts, one or more of this parts is called fraction of that unit. e.g. one-forth (1/4), one-third (1/3), three-seventh (3/7) etc. The lower part indicates the number of equal parts into which the unit is divided, is called denominator. The upper part, which indicates the number … Read more

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