DMPQ: Discuss the provisions of the charter act of 1861.(history)

:   Major provisions of the act are as follows:

 

  • Introduction of portfolio system by lord canning.
  • Expansion of executive council. Now there were 4 members.
  • For legislative purpose, the governor general council was expanded. Now 6-12 additional members can be nominated.
  • There were appointed for a period of 2 years. Out of these, at least half of the additional members were to be non-official (British or Indian).
  • Lord Canning nominated three Indians to the Council in 1862 namely, the Raja of Benares, the Maharaja of Patiala and Sir Dinkar Rao.
  • The Governor-General also had the power to promulgate ordinances without the council’s concurrence during emergencies.
  • This Act restored the legislative powers of the Governor-in-Councils of the Presidencies of Madras and Bombay (which was taken away by the Charter Act of 1833).

 

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