Modern Period – Later Mughals

1707-12Bahadur Shah I
1712-13Jahandar Shah
1713-19Farukk Siyar
1719-48Muhammad Shah Rangila
1748-54Ahmad Shah
1754-59Alamgir II
1759-1806Shah Alam II
1806-1837Akbar Shah II
1837-57Bahadur Shah II


 Later Mughal Rulers
Bahadur Shah IAfter the death of Aurangzeb, prince Muazzam, Azam & Kam Bakhsh fought in
1707-1712which Mauzzam emerged victorious & assumed the title of Bahadur Shah I. Banda
 Bahadur who killed Wazir khanwas defeated by him. Was referred to as ‘Shah-i-
Jahandar ShahLater after Bahadur Shah’s death, his son Jahandar Shah came to power after killing
1712-13his other brothers with the help of Zulfikar Khan. He made peace with the Jats,
 Shahuji & honoured rajput kings.
Farrukh SiyarNephew  of  Jahandar  Shah,  Farrukh  Siyar  killed  him  with  the  help  of  Sayyid
1713-19brothers – Abdulla Khan (Wazir) & Hussain Ali Khan (Mir Bakshi). Farrukh Siyar
 tried to check the powers of Sayyid brothers but the latter got him killed & crowned
 two princes Raffi-ud-Darajat, Raffi-ud-Daula in quick succession. Later they made
 Muhammad Shah (Grandson of Bahadur Shah I) as the king. After his accession the
 Sayyid brothers fell victim to the intrigue of Turani Amirs.
MuhammadDuring his tenure most the independent kingdoms were established: Nizam-ul-Mulk
Shah Rangila(Deccan),  Saadat  Khan  (Awadh)  &  Murshid  Quli  Khan  (Bengal).  Iranian  King
1719-48Nadir Shah invaded in 1739 on invitation of Saadat Khan (Awadh). The latter was
 imprisoned by Nadir Shah for not able to pay the promised ransom. Nadir Shah
 took the peacock throne & the Kohinoor diamond with him.
Ahmad ShahSon of Muhammad Shah. During his reign Ahmad Shah Abdali (claimed himself
1748-54ruler  of  Kandhar  after  the  assassination  of  Nadir  Shah  by  Persian  in  1747)
 repeatedly attacked. Later Ahmad Shah was killed & deposed by his own Wazir
Alamgir IIActual name Aziz-ud-din. Frequency of Abdali attacks increased. [1754-59]
Shah Alam II1759-1806
Akbar Shah II1806-1837
Bahadur Shah II1837-57
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