- Pneumonia vaccine to infants in 21 districts
- Infants in Bihar’s 21 districts will be administered Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) against pneumonia at all government hospitals and health centres free of cost from June.
- “The PCV vaccine was being administered to infants in 17 districts for the last one year. Now the remaining 21 districts will be covered.
- The vaccination drive will be carried out as per the directives of National Technological Advisory Group on Immunization. The drive will be carried with technical support of World Health Organisation and Unicef. This first two primary doses of the vaccine will be administered at 6 and 14 weeks and the booster dose at 9 months.
- “The under-5 mortality rate due to pneumonia in Biharis 13%. With PCV, this rate will drastically fall,” Unicef health specialist Dr Sayyed Hube Ali said. As per the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-2016), nearly 1,78,994 children in India under-5 years died due to pneumonia. Of them, 21,000 were from Bihar. At least 70% of pneumonia cases of India are reported from Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, UP and Rajasthan alone.
- The state government also plans to introduce a combined measles and rubella (MR) vaccine.
- As per the national immunization goals, India has planned to eliminate measles and control congenital rubella syndrome caused by the rubella virus by 2020. Immunization against measles was already being carried out by the government, but this will be for the first time that the state government will introduce the rubella vaccine for the population.
- Rubella is a mild viral infection that mainly infects children. A woman infected with the virus during pregnancy has 90% chance of transmitting it to the foetus. It may cause several congenital anomalies, and may also cause physical deformities and limb defects.
- The government also plans to introduce Rotavirus vaccine in next fiscal. The vaccine will prevent Rotavirus diarrhoea in children, which accounts for approximately 54.8 % of hospitalization of children under 5 years of age in the state (NHFS-4).
- India to attend the SCO Culture Ministers’ meet for the first time
- The Minister of State for Culture (I/c) and Minister of state for Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Dr. Mahesh Sharma will be attending Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Cultural Ministers Meeting at Sanya in China on 17thof May, 2018.
- It is the first time that India would be attending the SCO Culture Ministers’ Meeting.
- The meeting will showcase India’s initiatives to actively pursue cultural cooperation with other countries including SCO countries.
- It will also help to promote cultural relations and people to people contacts with the individual members of this organization through cultural exchange programmes.
- India became full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) on 9thJune, 2017 during the SCO Heads of State Summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.
- India 3rd largest solar market in world: Mercom
- India emerged as the third largest solar market in the world in 2017 behind China and the US, Mercom Communications India said in a report.
- As per the report, India set a new record with 9.6 GW of solar installations in 2017, which was more than double the 4.3 GW installed in 2016.
- The robust growth boosted the country’s total solar installed capacity to 19.6 GW as of December 2017, it added.
- Delhi projected to become world’s most populous city around 2028: UN report
- Delhi is projected to become the most populous city in the world around 2028, according to new United Nations estimates, which said India is expected to add the largest number of urban dwellers by 2050.
- The 2018 Revision of World Urbanisation Prospects produced by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) said that 68 per cent of the world population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050.
- Currently, 55 per cent of the world’s population lives in urban areas.
- Indore is the cleanest city: cleanliness survey
- The Swachh Survekshan 2018 assessed 4203 Urban Local Bodies and was organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), under the aegis of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
- The exercise undertaken between 4thJanuary 2018 to 10th March, 2018 enhanced the scope to cover a record number of Urban Local Bodies impacting around 40 crore urban citizens across length and breadth of the country by 2700 assessors.
- As compared to 2017 where Swachh Survekshan was conducted in 434 cities, this year the scope was enhanced manifold.
At the national level, the Top 3 cleanest cities are:
Jharkhand is the best performing State.
The awardees under various categories (Population above 10 lakh) are:
India’s Cleanest City – Indore (Madhya Pradesh)
India’s ‘Cleanest Big City’: Vijaywada (Andhra Pradesh)
India’s ‘Fastest Mover’ big city: Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh)
India’s Best City in ‘Citizens Feedback’: Kota (Rajasthan)
India’s Best City in ‘Innovation & Best Practices’: Nagpur (Maharashtra)
India’s Best City in ‘Solid Waste Management: Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra)
The awardees under various categories (Population of 3-10 lakh) are:
India’s Cleanest Medium City: Mysuru (Karnataka)
India’s ‘Fastest Mover’ Medium City: Bhivandi (Maharashtra)
India’s Best City in ‘Citizens Feedback’: Parbhani (Maharashtra)
India’s Best City in ‘Innovation & Best Practices’: Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh)
India’s Best City in ‘Solid Waste Management: Mangalore (Karnataka)
India’s Cleanest Small City: Delhi Municipal Council
The awardees under various categories (Population of 1-3 lakh) are:
India’s ‘Fastest Mover’ Small City: Bhusawal (Maharashtra)
India’s Best City in ‘Citizens Feedback’: Giridih (Jharkhand)
India’s Best City in ‘Innovation & Best Practices’: Ambikapur (Jharkhand)
India’s Best City in ‘Solid Waste Management: Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh)
Cleanest State Capital / UT Capital Cities / Uts: Greater Mumbai (Maharashtra)
Fastest Mover State Capital / UT: Jaipur (Rajasthan)
· Centre now aims to harness big data, AI in agricultural sector
- The government and private companies alike are taking the first steps to deploy big data analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things (IOT) to gain insights into and offer solutions to problems in India’s agriculture sector.
- While many of these privatesector solutions are aimed at agribusinesses and enterprises, the public-sector driven NITI Aayog’s pilot project will aim at improving yields of small landholders.
- The project will come up with “climate-aware cognitive farming techniques” and systems of crop monitoring, including early warning on pest attacks and disease outbreaks by harnessing AI, an official said. It also includes deployment of weather advisory, rich satellite and enhanced weather-forecast information along with IT & mobile applications with a focus on improving crop yields and cost savings.
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