Irrigation and Hydropower of Bihar
Irrigation is being practiced there since past chemical analysis back to Kautilya, World Health Organization lived in Patliputra (now Patna), that was the capital of the mighty Mauryan empire (400 BC). Kautilya had ordered down the principles on precipitation and irrigation in his renowned book Kautilya Arthasashtra. In Bihar the history of irrigation are going to be derived long back but one may notice the systematic written documents from the primary British quantity exclusively. unit canals, Teur canals, thermoplastic canal, Dacca Canal, Triveni canal and Kharagpur Irrigation Works unit of measurement variety of the earliest milestones on the path of scientific development of water resources at intervals the State of Bihar.
Bihar’s extraordinary economic process in recent years has raised expectations of continuous high growth rates in future. If this record ought to be sustained, then agricultural growth will need to play an important half. Agricultural development depends, in turn, on increasing irrigation and cropping intensity. And for a state with ninety six of the farmers classified as little and marginal, the most focus ought to air developing and maintaining minor irrigation infrastructure within the state. This was the premise for conducting this study, following an on the spot request from the Minor Water Resources Department, Government of Bihar. The study focuses on the steps required to reorganise and strengthen the department to achieve its irrigation intensity targets throughout the twelfth and thirteenth five Year established periods (2012-22).
Bihar irrigation schemes unit of measurement sometimes classified into three classes: a) Major and medium schemes – surface schemes irrigating over a combine of,000 hectares; b) Minor surface schemes – diversion or reservoir schemes irrigating however a combine of,000 hectares; c) Life schemes – tubewell or little stream elevate irrigation schemes. There are a unit presently twenty seven major and 163 medium completed irrigation schemes, and another nineteen major and thirty one medium schemes below construction at intervals the state. There are also regarding forty,000 minor surface irrigation works, of that 747 unit of measurement formally recognized as schemes and so the rest unit of measurement ahars2 (small tanks). There unit of measurement a combine of,074 stream lift-irrigation schemes, 5,791 deep tubewells, about 600,000 shallow tubewells and regarding four hundred,000 exocrine gland wells used for irrigation. Bihar’s gross seeded irrigated area of around 5 hundredth is comparatively low as compared to ninety fifth in region, sixty seven in Bihar, and hour for country as a complete. The standard groundwater exploitation is thirty ninth, indicating Associate in Nursing oversize undeveloped potential. The visionary programme of Water Resources Department (WRD) of Bihar indicates that the ultimate word irrigation potential of the state is 10.7 million angular distance, out of that 5.3 million angular distance are going to be through major and medium irrigation comes. However, till the year a combine of005 created potential is two.61 million and actual utilization is barely one.6 million angular distance. Thereby, half the potential fields unit of measurement still rainfed. sadly, seventy six of North Bihar population and seventy 3 of region is below constant threat of floods. in line with the visionary programme of WRD, associate calculable Rs1500 crores worth of property and many lives unit of measurement lost every year as a results of floods; the programme planned to realize, among several things,
- a) Water to any or all likely irrigable fields by 2025,
- b) Complete flood country by 2025,
- c) Reclamation of water logged area by 2025, and
- d) to create positive democratic irrigation management transfer of whole command area
The Water and Land Management Institute (WALMI), based in Patna, could be a full pledged field based institute. it completely was started in 1987 with the support from USAID, below the Indo-US Water Resources, Management and training Project. As a vicinity of this project, WALMI took the lead in initiating the action research project in Paliganj area of unit command area. In Bihar, this was the first step towards democratic irrigation management in major canal irrigation systems.
Power might be a important demand for socio economic development. economic process depends on accessibility of adequate, reliable and quality power at competitive rate. Bihar is on its path of progress but its property growth is suffering as results of non accessibility of adequate power. The per capita power consumption at intervals the state is around 100 units against the all country average of approx. 700 units. The total place in capability of generation in Bihar is around 600 MW against the standard demand of 2500 MW and peak demand of 3000 MW. The state has access to 1846 MW as well as capability allocation from central sectors generating stations.
Power system in Bihar is predominant by thermal power generation and so the contribution of hydro power is barely baseball game. Thus on use the available renewal offer of energy, Govt. of Bihar is esurient and committed to encourage speedy development of hydro power at intervals the State at the earliest. The key objective of the policy is as below.
- To enhance the overall generation capability of the state as well as Hydro power
- To obtain best thermal – hydro generation mixture of 60:40 magnitude relation
- To encourage the participation of freelance Power Producers by providing them best policy frame work, and support.
Depending upon place in capability, the hydro comes unit of measurement classified as under:
Micro Hydro comes with place in capability below 3 MW
Mini hydro comes with place in capability from 3 MW to 25MW
Medium hydro comes with place in capability over 25MW and upto 100 MW and
Big hydro comes with place in capability on the way aspect 100 MW.
At present Bihar State electricity Power Corporation (BHPC), (A Govt. of Bihar Enterprise), registered below Company Act 1956 is in control of development of hydro power comes at intervals the state. below Bihar State Hydro-Power Policy -2012, BHPC square measure the Nodal Agency on behalf of, Govt. of Bihar for notifying hydropower locations, tantalizing proposals, examining the techno-commercial usefulness of comes (under the horizon of the State), its method, transference govt. approvals, approving technical proposals and look physical progress of the work. The technical appraisal for the comes below the horizon of Central Govt. square measure done by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) as per provision of Indian Electricity Act. 2003.
Small electricity power units square measure got wind at Kataiya, Daulatpur, Thumha, Singheshwar Bazar, Kariapatti, Jadia, Parsa (all in Supaul district), Manhara and Malhanwa (Saharsa district) and Satokhar (Madhepura). The total place in capability of future electricity power stations in Bihar square measure 650 mw, a significant push for a sector that has not so far reached its full potential within the State.
The place in capability of this electricity stations vary from highest twenty MW at Kataiya electricity power station to Shrikhinda station in Rohtas district that generates exclusively zero.7 mw.
The Government has in addition best-known five places for fixing pumped-storage electricity power stations in Kaimur district with the whole place in capability of 2,970 mw. The pumped-storage power comes is also established at Hathiadah-Durgawati, Telharkund, Sinafadar, Panchgotia and Kohira.BPCS Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for BPCS Prelims and BPCS Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by BPCS Notes are as follows:-
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